Basic Information that applies (more immediately) to everyone:
- Wash hands regularly with soap and water
- Keep hands away from mouth, nose, eyes, ears, or any part of face
- Wash hands carefully after using the toilet/lavatory/rest room
- Keep physical distance. Stand 2 meters apart (6 feet)
- Avoid close contact with sick people showing symptoms
- Limit surfaces touched – remember virus lives for hours or days on surfaces
- Avoid crowded places
- Use a face mask
- Avoid shaking hands or hugging people
- Self quarantine – Self-isolate for 14 days if you have been in proximity to those with COVID-19.
- Cover nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing into your elbow or use a tissue and discard it into a bin with lid straight away.
Criteria for washing hands:
- After sneezing or coughing
- When caring for the sick
- After toilet use
- Before, during and after preparing food
- Before eating food
- Whenever hands are dirty
- After handling animals or animal waste
- Before feeding a child
- Most common symptoms of COVID-19 include: fever (high temperature), persistent dry cough and severe tiredness
- Other symptoms include: sore throat, blocked nose and runny nose, aches and pains, tiredness (similar to a cold or a flu)
- Some people have abdominal pain diarrhoea and vomiting
- Recent App tracking symptoms found most common symptom in people aged between 20 – 60 has been losing sense of smell and taste
- Many people show mild symptoms
- Severe symptoms include: difficulty breathing and chest pain which happens gradually and needs immediate attention
Who is infected:
- Anyone can be infected with COVID-19.
- Anyone can spread (including children and young people)
- Any person from any country,
- Any person with any race or religion
- Any person of any age
- Both boys and girls
- Both men and women
- Any person whether with a physical problem or without.
How it is transmitted:
- Transmission happens when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or breathes out small droplets from the mouth or nose.
- Anyone in close proximity can breathe in droplets which are infected with COVID -19 (coughs out, sneezes or exhales droplets).
- Droplets can also fall on surfaces when an infected person coughs, sneezes or breathes out. Others can catch COVID-19 by touching these contaminated objects or surfaces, and then going on to touch their eyes, nose or mouth.
- Important to maintain a 2 meter (6 feet) distance from an infected person, or when in a public space – and good hand hygiene.
- Also transmitted by living on surfaces for a long time, lavatory as secreted into faeces.
- Pre-symptomatic transmission: Infected people can spread the virus without showing symptoms
- Asymptomatic transmission: Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell but can still transmit the virus
Who is at risk:
- Anyone is vulnerable as virus is very infectious
- Take care if you have HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis
- Older people
- People with underlying medical problems, e.g. high blood pressure, diabetes, heart problems, lung disease, asthma, cancer
- Children and young people can be infected and develop serious illness. Children can also spread the disease to others.
How to protect yourself and prevent spread
- Completely avoid crowded places and large gatherings (religious gatherings, weddings, churches/mosques, funerals, parties, sporting events etc.)
- Avoid close contact with anyone who has a fever and cough/flu-like symptoms. Keep a 2 meter distance. If you are an essential worker in an office, then you must maintain the same 2 meter distance.
- If you have symptoms you should self-isolate; go home until you are well again.
- Do not share personal items such as towels with anyone who has fever and cough/flu like symptoms. Do not share cups, eating utensils, food, drinks cigarettes with others.
- Pay more attention to hand hygiene; wash your hands with soap and water or, if water is not available, use waterless soap when: they are visibly dirty; before and after handling food; after using the toilet. It is a good habit to wash your hands before you leave the house and when you return home.
- Clean your hands often using water or waterless soap especially after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands as these are areas that easily allow infections to enter the human body.
- If you develop a persistent cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, you must call the national helpline for advice or use the advice given to you by your health ministry of your government
- It is advised that you use a disposable tissue not handkerchief to cover your nose and mouth when sneezing, coughing, wiping and blowing your nose. Any used tissue should be disposed of immediately in a bin or if you are travelling keep used tissues a small paper or plastic bag until you find a bin. Do not throw used tissues, spit or blow your nose directly into the pavements, streets or any public space.
- If you have a mask wear one but make sure you clean your hands before putting on your mask, and before taking the mask off. Remember a wet, dirty mask may cause you to become infected.
- Clean around your home regularly, especially all surfaces including floors, chairs, washbasins, bathrooms, wash areas and toilets.
Virus on surfaces
|SURFACE||TIME virus may be detected on surface|
|Cardboard and paper||3-5 days|
|Stainless steel-taps, pots and pans, knives and forks||2 days|
|Rubber/latex gloves||8 hours|
|Wood – floors furniture||4 days|
|Glass – windows, doors, drinking||4 days|
|Aluminium – pots, pans buckets||8 hours|
|Enamel-mugs, kitchen utensils||2 days|
Concepts that could promote compassion and the behavioural change of caring for others and saving lives:
- Listen to advice about staying away from people who may be ill or staying at home
- Share what you learn about preventing disease with your family and friends, especially with younger children
- Teach good hygiene practices such as washing your hands, sneezing and coughing into your elbow, especially for younger family members
- “Stay home to help save lives: Anyone can get it. Anyone can spread it” (NHS advertising)
- “Whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely” (Muslim verse, Quran 5:32)
- “Be kind, let’s look out for one another”
- You can have fighting message – use evocative words such as “COMBAT”, “BEAT”
- Unite and fight the invisible enemy!
- Your life is worth it!
- Can’t see it, can’t hear it, it’s invisible!